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像美國人說話的八種方式

全老師    時間:2019-03-08 13:13    訪問830次 有用[0] 無用[0] 舉報

As the founder of a company that provides corporate language training, I work with lots of international professionals who have relocated to the U.S.
作為一家提供企業語言培訓的公司的創始人,我與許多移居美國的國際專業人士合作。
Many of these professionals have studied English extensively. They even have experience using English at work. But then they run into problems when they come to the U.S. That’s because they haven’t talked much with U.S. English speakers before. They may have never realized before that they have a strong accent when speaking English. But now their accent is causing communication problems at work. Others are having trouble understanding them. Their confidence wanes, and they start giving less input in meetings because so many people ask them to repeat what they’ve said.
這些專業人士中的許多人都廣泛學習英語。他們甚至有在工作中使用英語的經驗。但當他們來到美國時,卻遇到了一些問題,那是因為他們以前沒有和說英語的人多談過話。他們可能從來沒有意識到他們講英語時有很強的口音。但現在他們的口音在工作中引起了溝通問題。其他人很難理解他們。他們的信心減弱了,在會議上的參與也減少了,因為很多人要求他們重復他們所說的話。
Most of our clients have been working in a corporate setting in the U.S. for 5-plus years. They have not asked for support because they fear that it would make them seem as if can’t do the job. But that’s not true. Admitting you want to improve shows your strength.

My company helps these professionals improve their accents. We point out the pronunciation mistakes they didn’t realize they were making. Their reaction is always the same: “Why didn’t someone tell me this before?”

Today, I want to share some advice for pronouncing English more like a native U.S. speaker of the language. You may have never heard some of these tips before. But following them will help you reduce your accent when speaking English.
今天,我想和大家分享一些關于英語發音更像美國本土語言使用者的建議。你可能從來沒有聽過這些提示。但跟在后面有助于你在說英語時減少口音。
1. says
You might think that the word “says” is pronounced just like the word “say,” but with an S on the end. That’s not the case, though. The most common pronunciation of “says” in U.S. English is “sez.”
你可能會認為“say s”這個詞和“say”這個詞發音一樣,但結尾是s。但事實并非如此。在美國英語中“says”最常見的發音是“sez”。
2. would, should, could
In each of these words, the L is silent. “Would” sounds like the word “wood” — like the wood from a tree. Also, listen to how native speakers use this word. Most of the time, they use the conjugation. For example, “I’d like” and “I would’ve eaten.”
在每一個詞中,l都是沉默的。“會”聽起來像“木頭”這個詞,就像樹上的木頭。另外,聽母語者如何使用這個詞。大多數時候,他們使用的是連詞。例如,“我想要”和“我會吃的”。
3. salmon
This is another case where the L is silent. To pronounce “salmon” correctly in U.S. English, say the name “Sam” and then add “mon” — as in the first syllable of the word “money.”

4. thumb, tomb, comb
In these words, the B is silent. (Yes, silent letters in English are a real pain!)

5. “schwa” words
The “schwa” sound is the most common one in the English language. It’s also the most mispronounced sound!

Think of schwa as the sound Americans make when they are thinking: Uhhhh.

For example, in the word “intelligent,” the second I is pronounced “uh.”

6. t + y
When one word ends with T and the next word starts with Y, Americans will often run the words together, making a CH sound.

For example, “Don’t you agree?” is often pronounced “Don-chew agree?” Of course, it’s not incorrect if you pronounce “don’t” and “you” as distinct words. But you will sound more like an American if you are able to run the words together.

7. d + y
This tip is similar to the last one. When one word ends with a D and the next word starts with a Y, it turns into a J sound. Pay attention to this the next time you watch a U.S. show on Netflix. No one is saying “Did. (Big breath.) you?” They are saying “Di-jew?” Again, the first pronunciation isn’t wrong. But the second one is easier to say. And you’ll be able to flow through the words with more ease.

8. Drop some syllables
One thing that makes you stand out as a non-native English speaker in the U.S. is carefully pronouncing every syllable of some common words that U.S. speakers typically compress. For example, despite how the word “comfortable” is spelled, you won’t hear U.S. English speakers pronouncing it “Cum-for-tuh-bull.” Instead, their pronunciation sounds more like “Cumf-ter-b’l.”

Here are a few more examples:
Interesting – In-truh-sting
Different – Diff-ruhnt
Every – EV-ree
Family – FAEM-lee
I hope these tips will soon have you speaking English more like a U.S. native. To keep improving your accent, be sure to get plenty of conversation practice with your U.S. colleagues and friends and to pay attention to how English is spoken in what you read and watch.
我希望這些提示很快能讓你的英語說得更像美國本地人。為了不斷提高你的口音,一定要與你的美國同事和朋友進行大量的對話練習,并注意你所閱讀和觀看的內容中的英語口語。

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